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Knife Sharpening

GUIDELINES ON HOW TO KEEP YOUR WÜSTHOF KNIVES SHARP

It is important to care for your knives because dull knives can be dangerous. If you look after your Wusthof blade properly it will last for a long time. 

When it comes to maintaining your knives you have to first differentiate between honing and sharpening:

HONING

The better way to sharpen your knives is to use a diamond steel and a honing steel. With regular use, any knife will lose its "bite". Every edge has many very fine "teeth" which are bent to both sides of the blade after a certain time of cutting on a hard surface (you can´t see that with your eyes - only under a microscope). Using a Wüsthof sharpening steel regularly will realign these teeth and keep the edge sharp for a long time of cooking enjoyment.

In our extensive range of sharpening utensils we have some extra-fine steels on offer. These steels are very much like those used by butchers and people working in the meat industry.

The fine surface will bring out an even finer edge than the regular steel but it does need to be used more often than a standard honing steel to avoid the knife edge becoming dull.

 

This illustration shows you how to use the honing steel:

Hold the steel with your left hand and the knife with your right hand (left-handed users simply do the opposite) and guide the blade with light pressure across the steel. Do this in an pendulum motion, side-to-side, at 11 degrees for our Japanese style blades or 15 degrees for our traditional blades, between blade and steel. Repeat this process 6 - 8 times. Never stroke each side more than once in succession.

 

The “Tip Down“ method shown here works best as you always see the contact point between the knife and the steel. With a little practice, you will find this becomes an easy motion. Please use a steel which is, at the minimum, the length of the blade you are honing.

 

SHARPENING

MY KNIFE EDGE IS DULL

Should your knife edge have become dull you might no longer be able to restore the edge by using a honing steel. This is when you have to use an abrasive sharpening utensil to reshape the edge to its original factory geometry.

 

DIAMOND KNIFE SHARPENER

The diamond sharpener is coated with up to 2,000,000 industrial diamonds. The abrasive surface allows you to create a new edge quickly and efficiently.

To be used like the honing steel (shown above). Use this item to recover a blade edge. Do not use regularly in place of a honing steel.

 

CERAMIC SHARPENER

Ceramic is a very hard material. The surface of this rod is abrasive but not as abrasive as a diamond sharpener. Thus resulting in a finer blade edge.

To be used like the honing steel (shown above). Use this item to recover a blade edge. Do not use regularly in place of a honing steel.

 

PULL-THROUGH SHARPENER

The good way to sharpen your knives is by using one of Wusthofs pull through sharpeners. The coarse side of the sharpener should only be used once or twice a year. The fine side of the sharpener should be used when you feel your knife needs realigning - this depends upon how often you use the knife. With the coarse and fine option all in one, you simply can't go wrong.

1. Ensure the pull through sharpener is on a flat surface and hold the handle firmly.

2. Applying very little pressure, draw the knife through the coarse side, beginning at the back of the knife, all the way to the end of the blade. Repeat this 3-4 times.

3. Then, draw the knife through the fine side using the same technique. Repeat this 3-4 times. 

 

WHETSTONE

The best way to sharpen you knives is to use of a whetstone. It is an effective and easier way to get the edge of your knife back into shape. Wusthof whetstones are available in different grits.

The smaller the value, the coarser the grit of the stone. Two standards to define the grit are commonly used.

The Japanese (J) and the European (F) standard
European (F) standard:
FEPA F (Fédération Européenne des Fabricants de Produit Abrasifs)
Japanese (J) standard:
JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard)

 

One side has coarse grit of F 400 / J 1000
The other a fine grit of F 1000 / J 3000

Use the coarse side for re-sharpening and to remove small nicks. Use the finer side of the stone for the final polishing of the edge.

The finer the stone the smoother and sharper the edge.

1. Submerge the stone in water for about 5 - 10 minutes.

2. Continue to apply water while sharpening. The stone releases small particles during the sharpening process. This powder in combination with water allows the sharpening.

3. Place the stone on a slip-resistant base like a towel.

4. Start by using the coarse grit of the stone.

5. Move the blade back and forth at an angle of 11 for our Japanese style blades or 15° for our traditional blades, using gentle pressure.

6. Start at the tip of the blade, continue with the middle section, and finish at the end of the blade. After a while you will notice a small burr at the edge.

7. Now repeat the same process on the other side of the blade.

8. Finally, turn the stone over and repeat the procedure, this time using the fine grit of the stone.

9. In order to remove the remaining burr, pull the blade at an angle over the stone. Now you will have achieved the best sharpness.

10. Rinse the stone and clean off the grinding residue. Clean your knife with hot water.

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    Please take utmost care when sharpening your knives to prevent injuries.